Do I really need $1M to make my Data Center HVAC system smarter? ...
... Or is there a cheaper alternative?
The latest advent in data center cooling is intelligent networked HVAC systems. The HVAC systems are intelligently managed to allow remote sensors to provide feedback so that the HVAC system can tune cooling to meet the dynamic demand of the IT infrastructure. The systems are “intelligent” in that they can change the speeds/frequency of the fan (VFD) to provide more or less air to the cooling zones and cabinets supported by the cooling system. Further, they can auto-engage the economizer (for ambient cooling) and control water valves to provide greater efficiency to powering air-conditioning units. They are also on a network so that they can be controlled in total rather than only independently, with one turning up while another could be throttling down.
All very, very, cool stuff and can greatly influence one of the largest data center cost, powered cooling. Ok, now the downside, wow.. is it really $1M to do it. In most cases, the answer is yes. The cooling system manufacturers are hoping that you will replace your existing system and allow them to generate a services engagement for them to spend the next year turning up and tuning the system.
So here is the question … Is there any way to make my existing HVAC smarter and NOT spend the $1M?? Glad you asked and yes there is. Before spending that cash, there are three steps you can take in making your existing more efficient and they include:
- Installing Variable frequency drives
- Unifying data from temp/humidity monitoring at the cabinet
- Compute, measure, and integrate into the BMS
Step 1. Install Variable Frequency Drives for controlling airflow
As discussed previously in earlier blogs, VFD’s will provide the throttle necessary to achieve energy efficiency. Several states, including California, are providing rebated for installing VFD’s and pay for nearly 60% of the cost of the equipment (for more information on this topic, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org, and we can help put you in touch with the right people). But remember … VFD’s are only as good as the control procedures you put in place to in order to modulate the cooling as required at the rack level.
Step 2. Unify data from a broad cross-section of temperature and humidity instrumentation points
In order to get the best possible data about what is actually happening at the rack level, there are several practical ways to extend your temperature and humidity instrumentation across your environment. This may include not only deploying the latest generation of inexpensive wirefree environmental sensors, as well as unifying data that is already being captured by existing instrumentation from wired, wireless, power strip-based or server-based instrumentation.
The most cost effective way is to leverage the environmental data the new servers are already collecting (often referred to as chassis-level instrumentation). The new servers from the leading three vendors register both the server inlet and exhausted temperature. Depending on the deployment architecture, this can provide you with a lot of fidelity including front/rear, min, max, average, and standard at the bottom, middle and top of the cabinet.
In most cases, this is enough information to provide equipment demand for direct cooling. Where you don’t have newer servers that support temperature, wireless sensors are the next best option. There are several vendors on the market that make these products and are nice in that they are easy to set up and you can place just about anywhere. If you have data being generated from power strips or wired sensors, incorporate those as well (the more information, the better).
Step 3. Compute, measure, and integrate into the BMS
Building management systems are traditionally very good at controlling systems such as VFDs and recognizing critical alarms. What they are not good at is being easy to configure, integrate or extend across the network. This is where you need to be able to provide a booster to how data is collected and synthesized.
Modius OpenData is used to collected real-time data across the network into potentially hundreds of new devices and thousands of newly collected points. Once the data is collected from servers, wireless sensors, pdu’s and wired sensors the data is correlated against key performance metrics then fed to the building management system so that it may adjust the VFD’s, water flow, and economizer. Example metrics might be:
- Rack-by-rack temperature averages for inlet and outlet
- Row-by-row averages with alarm thresholds for any racks which exceed the row average by a particular margin
- Delta-T with alarms for specific thresholds
These types of computations can be based off of unified data from a variety of sources (sensors, strips, servers, etc.), all of which can be used to make your existing HVAC system smarter. The most important point is to continually measure as you go and make a series of small or incremental optimizations based off of verified data. The best news is that this architecture is the fraction of the cost of what new HVAC infrastructure costs and leverages your existing building management system.